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Hazrat Khuwaja Syed Kamal Uddin Allama Chishti (رضی اللہ)

Hazrat Khuwaja Syed Kamal Uddin Allama Chishti (رضی اللہ) was one of the two major Caliphates of the great Sufi master Hazrat Khuwaja Syed Naseer Uddin Chiragh Dehelvi (رضی اللہ).


Hazrat Khuwaja Syed Kamal Uddin Allama Chishti (رضی اللہ) was one of the two major Caliphates of the great Sufi master Hazrat Khuwaja Syed Naseer Uddin Chiragh Dehelvi (رضی اللہ). During the twilight of Dehli years, he was responsible for firmly rooting the silsilah in the Gujrat, a place of relative calm. The paternal nephew of Hazrat Khuwaja Syed Naseer Uddin Chiragh Dehelvi (رضی اللہ), he was also the great grandson of Hazrat Khuwaja Baba Fareed Uddin Shakar Ganj (رضی اللہ) and a direct Hussanini descendant of the Huzoor Syedina Rasool Ullah (ﷺ).

In his youth, he became the murid of Hazrat Khuwaja Syed Nizam Uddin Auliya Mehboob-E-Ilahi (رضی اللہ) and was thus his uncle's peer-bhai. The hagiographical works Majalis-E-Husainia, Maqam Ganj-E-Shakar and Siyar al-Auliya all recorded that Hazrat Khuwaja Syed Kamal Uddin Allama Chishti (رضی اللہ) was honored with the khilafat of Hazrat Khuwaja Syed Nizam Uddin Awliya Mehboob-E-Ilahi (رضی اللہ) as a sign of the latter favor towards him. The responsibility for his spiritual training, however, was transferred to his uncle Hazrat Khuwaja Naseer Uddin Chiragh (رضی اللہ), who completed his suluk and after whose name he appears in the Chishtia Nizamia's Shajarah.

Little is known about his birth and early life, but he trained to a high level of specialization in all fields of Islamic sciences. Such was his mastery, that he was acknowledged as the top expert of his time in fiqh, tafsir and ulum al hadith. He eventually became well-known as "Kamal Uddin Allama" (The great scholar) and some of the freat ulama of India traveled to Dehli to study at his feet.

Hazrat Makhdom Jalal Uddin Bukhari (رضی اللہ) and Moulana Shams Uddin (رضی اللہ) both saints of the thirteen century Chishti order-read the difficult and advanced text of Sharh al Mashariq under his guidance. Because of his high degree of learning, and the khilafat he possessed from (رضی اللہ) (RA). He was greatly respected by his own spiritual master Hazrat Khuwaja Naseer Uddin Chiragh (رضی اللہ). Hazrat Makhdoom Jahaniah is also recorded as having said, "The certificate of authorization (Khilafat Nama) awarded to me by Hazrat Khuwaja Naseer Uddin Chiragh (RA) was written by the hand of Hazrat Khuwaja Syed Kamal Uddin Allama Chishti (رضی اللہ) and he also counter-signed it to verify and witness it."

This simple fact bears ample testimony to the great status of Hazrat Khuwaja Kamal Uddin Allama Chishti (رضی اللہ) and the respect in which he was held. The awarding of so prestigious a khilafat nama as that of Hazrat Khuwaja Naseer Uddin Chiragh Dehelvi (رضی اللہ), the greatest Sufi master of his era was truly momentous event. To countersign such a document implies a degree of equality, and that Hazrat Khuwaja Syed Kamal Uddin Allama Chishti (رضی اللہ) was made to scribe and word it denotes an implicit trust upon the part of the murshid for his murid.

In his own writings, Hazrat Khuwaja Banda Nawaz Gesu Daraz (رضی اللہ) has also mentioned many of the superlative qualities of Hazrat Khuwaja Syed Kamal Uddin Allama Chishti (رضی اللہ). These testimonies, along with his own lofty reputation, led the Tughlaq sultan Firuz Shah, as well as his government and ministers, to seek a close bond as possible with him. Hazrat Khuwaja Syed Kamal Uddin Allama Chishti (رضی اللہ) whilst providing advice and admonition to the ruling elite, kept to the principles of the Chishti masters of maintaining a healthy distance from the rich and the powerful, for fear of corruption.

Hazrat Khuwaja Syed Kamal Uddin Allama Chishti (رضی اللہ) made seven pilgrimages to Makkah in his lifetime, an enormous amount when one considers the great distances and hardships involved. He met some of the great scholars and saint of his time on these travels, and also visited Maasjid al Aqsa in the land of Palestine. For his first hajj, Hazrat Khuwaja Nizam Uddin Awliya Mehboob E Ilahi (رضی اللہ) himself came to see him off. He blessed him with his own khirqah, which he requested that Hazrat Khuwaja Syed Kamal Uddin Allama Chishti (رضی اللہ) war when making his Hajj. With this,

Hazrat Khuwaja Nizam Uddin Awliya Mehboob E Ilahi (رضی اللہ) conferred khilafat upon his young murid. The emotional parting marked the last time that Hazrat Khuwaja Nizam Uddin Awliya Mehboob E Ilahi (رضی اللہ) would see his first murshid in this life.

From there he traveled through Khurasan and other kingdoms on his way to Hijaz. His reputation and that of his masters in Dehli, had already reached such a degree that kings and sultans along the way came to pay their respect to him. They used to meet him at the roadside knowing full well that the Chishtiah order did not accept invitations to palaces in order to touch his feet out of respect.

They also gave him many valuable gifts, such that when he returned to Dehli, he had camels laden with gold and silver tributes. Seeing this, Hazrat Khuwaja Naseer Uddin Chiragh Dehelvi (رضی اللہ) asked him, "Ya Kamal, from where have you acquired the trappings of this world?"

Hazrat Khuwaja Syed Kamal Uddin Allama Chishti (رضی اللہ) replied, "I heard on my way that our master Hazrat Khuwaja Nizam Uddin Awliya Mehboob E Ilahi (رضی اللہ) has attained the unity, and that you are the nominated Khalifah. How could I be so disrespectful as to meet my (new) master empty handed? I have brought these trinkets with me, so that this wealth may be spent on the training of seekers of knowledge and teachers. Now Allah has provided for me, I can spend my life in worship and service, without having to concern myself with where my sustenance will come from."

It is uncertain as to which of the Hazrat Khuwaja Syed Kamal Uddin Allama Chishti's (رضی اللہ) two masters sent him to the Gujrat, but it was most likely Hazrat Khuwaja Naseer Uddin Chiragh Dehelvi (رضی اللہ). He spent some time here building up the sisilah into an organized structure, around the teachings of the Chishtia, centered in Mubarak Patan.

The seeds of the Chishtiah in Gujrat had been sown by Hazrat Khuwaja Hamid Uddin and Hazrat Khuwaja Mehmood, two lesser known Khalifahs of Hazrat Khuwaja Qutab Uddin Bakthiyar Kaki Ooshi (رضی اللہ). However, it was with the arrival of Hazrat Khuwaja Syed Kamal Uddin Allama Chishti (رضی اللہ) that the organization of the sisilah was strengthened and expanded. He set up a centralized structure, much like the one that had existed in Delhi and with this he began disseminating the teachings of the Chishtia among the people. Freed from political interference, he was able to accomplish the primary duty of the Sufis is the spiritual upliftment of mankind. He continued this wirk until his Wisaal, on the 27th of Zill Qad 756 AH, one year before the passing of his own murshid. He afforded his khilafat-e-azam to his son, Hazrat Khuwaja Siraj Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ) and lies buried in a simple grave at the feet of Hazrat Khuwaja Naseer Uddin Chiragh Dehelvi (رضی اللہ) in Dehli.