Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Hasan Chishti Sanjri Ajmeri (رضی اللہ)
Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Hasan Chishti Sanjri Ajmeri (رضی اللہ) The King Of India "Wali-E-Hind"
With every breath, my restlessness increases;
Why does the bud of my heart not blossom?
Grant you my wishes, for the sake of Hazrat Syedina Ali (عليه السلام).
Salutations to you, O Khuwaja, the saint of Hind!
May this devotee's aspirations be Fulfilled.
O YOU WHO BELIEVE! BE MINDFUL OF YOUR DUTY TOWARDS ALLAH, AND SEEK A MEANS OF APPROACH UNTO HIM, AND STRIVE IN HIS WAY IN ORDER THAT YE MAY SUCCEED. (5:35)
The small town of Ajmer, 400 kilometers south and west of Delhi, is unremarkable to the eye at first glance. However, on closer inspection, one beholds the reason that it stands out, pilgrims.
In thousands upon thousands they come, Muslim, Hindu, Buddhist, of all nationalities raising their voices in celebration and prayer, in praise and remembrance of one of the greatest saints ever appeared in the long and illustrious history of Islam. The deservedly titled Sultan of India.
The Qutub or spiritual axis of the eastern Islamic world, he is the fountain from whose spiritual light have sprung all the beautiful mighty saints of the Chishtiya silsilah. Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ).
The chieftain and founder of the Chishtia silsila in sub-continent, one of the four great orders that radiate throughout the world, Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ) is one of the most respected and universally recognized figures in Sufism and Islam. He stands tall as a great spiritual leader, a reformer and purifier of hearts at the most turbulent of times. Most of the saints before his time had been concentrated around the lands of the Middle East, but he was a pioneer, a missionary who was responsible for spreading the Sufi and Islamic sphere of influence to the remotest regions of polytheistic India.
Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti's (رضی اللہ) pious character was a true picture of Islam, his practice exactly in accordance with the dictates of the Holy Qur'an and Sunnah, and his teachings of beautiful lessons in godliness.
Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ) truthfulness and equality which enlightened the hearts of multitudes, Authentic estimates place the number of people he guided to the path of Islam are aound nine million. It is a historical fact that his Chishtiah silsila wielded a direct and crucial influence on the course of Indian history the development of the embryonic Bhakti Consciousness Movement of Hinduism and modern (pantheistic) Buddhism.
Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ) was born in the year 536 AH in Sijistan, the son of Hazrat Khuwaja Ghayyas Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ) a pious and influential man of what is now Iran. He was a direct descendant through both his parents of Hazrat Syedina Ali (عليه السلام). It was a time of chaos and great upheavals in both India and the Muslim Empire as a whole. In the year of his birth, Sultan Sanjari was finally defeated before the implacable advance of the Mughals, spelling the beginning of the end of the Sultanate and in Khurasan, where he was brought up, religious sects and barbarism had laid waste what was once a civilized country. He was orphaned at the tender age of fourteen, and was thus raised in the same condition as Huzoor Nabi Kareem (ﷺ).
But social evils, moral degradations and personal tragedy stirred something deep within the young man, and he began to turn towards the spiritual life. Once while watering his father's garden, he came across a dervish Hazrat Ibrahim Qanduzi (رضی اللہ). He was deeply affected by the saint's holy manners, and Hazrat Ibrahim Qanduzi (رضی اللہ) for his part transformed Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti’S (رضی اللہ) inner being. His eyes became opened to the ultimate realities of the spiritual world. Renouncing all material things, he sold his father's garden, all his possessions and distributed the money among the poor. Still at a young age, he arrived at the great centres of learning in Samarkand and Bokhara, where he swiftly became a Hafiz and distinguished Alim, fully conversant in all aspects of Islamic thought. Unsatisfied with this, he began a strict regime of prayers, meditations, fasting and self-renunciation, which continued for years and grew more intense and vigorous until Allah granted him the exalted rank of sainthood. He used to fast for seven days and nights, breaking fast on the eighth day with a small crust of bread soaked in water. At this point, he felt the need for a Shaikh, or spiritual guide, feeling the truth of the Quranic injunction
O YOU WHO BELIEVE!
BE MINDFUL OF YOUR DUTY TOWARDS ALLAH, AND SEEK A MEANS OF APPROACH. UNTO HIM, AND STRIVE IN HIS WAY IN ORDER THAT YE MAY SUCCEED. (5:35)
Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ) himself used to state, "success is not possible without a guide." He traveled extensively throughout the near East, finally finding a spiritual guide in Hazrat Khuwaja Usman Harwani (رضی اللہ). In twenty years he spent under his murshid's guidance, he attained perfection in tasawwuf and was awarded the Khilafa-E-Azam by Hazrat Khuwaja Usman Harwani (رضی اللہ). He offered many pilgrimages both with his murshid and alone. It was during one of these, while in Madinah Sharif, that he was directed spiritually by Huzoor Nabi Kareem (ﷺ) to go to India and spread Islam there. He left immediately with 40 of his disciples, on the long and arduous journey.
Along the way, he stopped in several places including Baghdad, Isfahan and Balkh. In Baghdad Sharif, he was the guest of Huzoor Ghous Ul Azam (رضی اللہ), the greatest of saints and founder of the Qadria silsila. Huzoor Ghous Ul Azam (رضی اللہ) organised a Mehfil-E-Sama (Qawwali) in his own house for Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ), and he himself stood outside that night, with eyes closed and his staff tightly held against the ground. When asked the reason for his actions, he replied, "I needed to stop the ground shaking, such was the power of Khuwaja's wajd."
In Sabzwar, he came across a ruler of such corruption that he would not even hesitate to denigrate the Sahaba Karam (رضی اللہ) of the Huzoor Nabi Kareem (ﷺ). Yet one glance from the great saint sufficed to render the man unconscious. When he awoke, his personality had changed completely. He gave up his kingdom, renounced all his possessions and became a mureed of Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ).
Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ) and his disciples were in a cave in the mountains of the Hindukash when one of the most famous events in Sufi history occurred. Hundreds of miles away, in Baghdad Sharif, Huzoor Ghous Ul Azam (رضی اللہ) pronounced his chieftainship of all Auliya Karam by saying, "My foot is on the neck of all Wali Ullah." Spiritually hearing the great saint's statement, Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ) immediately threw himself down and stretched his neck against the floor, signifying his submission to that truth. It was because of this type of humble obedience that Allah granted him the title,"Sultan al-Hind", for he is the leader and spiritual head to all the hundreds of Wali Ullah that have blessed India in after-times. So it was that Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ) arrived in India at a time of tremendous upheaval and moral decay. The Ghaznavi dynasty was in its death throes, and the Rajput kings were gaining power. Tyrannical rulers were making life unbearable for common people, especially the muslims whose numbers were diminishing day by day. Yet India is not named for no reason, "the land of saints and sufis" its people had inherited a wealth of spirituality that yearned for expression. It was into such an arena that Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ) stepped, a torch to India's tinder. First he went to Lahore, a Center of learning where resided a great number of Muslim theologians, philosophers and Sufis, Yet he soon left this place, for his divinely guided mission was not to men such as these, but rather to those who were deprived of the light of Islam.
Thus he arrived in Delhi, which was to become the seat of his most famous successors. At the time, the city was a place of much fear and mutual hatred between Hindus and Muslims but Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ) began delivering his sermons in a soft tongue, dipped in honey. As a result of this kindness and forbearance, both Hindus and Muslims were turned towards the path of truth. The great Wali was revered and loved by those of both religions, a trend which, was to be the hallmark of Sufism in India.
Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ) soon, however, he left Delhi too, heading instead for the remote city of Ajmer, deep within the kingdom of the most powerful Rajput prince in Northern India, Raj Prithviraj. This city was completely alien to Islam; no Muslims at all lived within its bounds. It was in this hostile environment that Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ) and his forty disciples settled and began the bulk of his teaching. Very soon, however, he changed the entire civic atmosphere, gathering people of all races, castes and stations to the shining truth of Islam. His high morals and frugal lifestyle deeply impressed the Hindus and all the while, the beautiful messages of the Quran and Sunnah entered deep into their hearts. Soon they started to convert, in multitudes upon multitudes, and the raja became alarmed as even his courtiers and High-Ranking servants took up Islam. It is interesting here to note that the raja's mother had predicted the arrival of Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ), and had warned her son not to interfere with him lest he suffer total destruction. Whether Raj Prithviraj forgot this prophecy or ignored it is unknown, but he began to harass the Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ) and trouble his followers but Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ), holding firm to the Islamic doctrine that, "Allah is with those who patiently persevere," steadfastly carried on his peaceful mission. One day, however, he said, "The raja will be captured alive, and his kingdom snatched away." This prophecy was proven true months later. The raja, was defeated by Sultan Shahabuddin, was captured alive and brought into the presence of the sultan, who ordered him executed. The power of the Rajputs was thus broken for more than three hundred years. Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ) carried on his work in Ajmer for 45 years, and millions entered Islam through his spiritual light and endeavours. Besides this great service, he also established permanent sufi centres which were run by such mighty disciples as Hazrat Khuwaja Qutub Uddin Bakhtiyar Kaki Oshi (رضی اللہ), Hazrat Khuwaja Baba Fareed Uddin Masood Shakar Ganj (رضی اللہ), Hazrat Nizam Uddin Auliya Mehboob-E-Ilahi (رضی اللہ) and Huzoor Khuwaja Uddin Chiragh Dehelwi (رضی اللہ)
Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ) on the 29th Jamaad-us-Saani, before entering his bare cell for his usual meditations, he advised his attendants that he should not be disturbed until his Khalifa-E-Azam, Hazrat Khuwaja Qutub Uddin Bakhtiyar Kaki Oshi (رضی اللہ), arrived from Delhi. On the 6th Rajab, 633 AH, his caliphate arrived and received no answer to his polite knockings the mureedeen broke down the door. There they found that their beloved Murshid had already left the world, at the ripe old age of ninety-six. To the wonder and amazement of all, upon his forehead was inscribed in letters of light “HE WAS A LOVER OF ALLAH, AND HE DIED IN THE LOVE OF ALLAH”
Such was the passing of one of the greatest saints in Islamic history. Undoubtedly, if not for him and his enormous sacrifices, many of those who read this would not have been born into the mercy of this beautiful religion. One can only imagine the hardship he endured in his early years in Ajmer, in the kingdom of a hostile king, surrounded by a nation of polytheists, a people even whose native tongue - Sanskrit - was foreign to him. How similar was his situation, and his conduct under adversity, to the Huzoor Nabi Kareem (ﷺ) himself! How he managed to convert so many Hindus to Islam, working from within the heart of their own kingdom, at a time when the only words that the two religions could address each other with were hatred and war, is a miracle in itself.
Hazrat Khuwaja Ghareeb Nawaz Moin Uddin Chishti (رضی اللہ) not only molded the character of a people, but also led them to a more prosperous, nobler way of living, and cultivated in them the qualities of humanity and truth. Through him and his immediate successors, the entire culture and civilization of India underwent a profound change. As alluded to before, apart from the millions of converts to Islam, the Bhakti Consciousness movement, modern Buddhism and Sikhism, all monotheistic or pantheistic in outlook emerged from the ancient religions of Hinduism and Buddhism due in great part to the Chishtia silsila's efforts in the path of Islam. As is stated in Sura al-Nasr:
When Allah's succour and triumph cometh, and thou seest mankind entering the religion of Allah in troops, then hymn the praises of thy Lord, and seek forgiveness of Him. Lo! He is ever ready to show mercy.