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Hazrat Khuwaja Abdul Wahid Ibn Zaid (رضی اللہ)

Hazrat Khuwaja Imam Hasan Basri (رضی اللہ) had numerous followers drawn from diverse backgrounds, there was the one from these was Hazrat Khuwaja Abdul Wahid Ibn Zaid (رضی اللہ).


Hazrat Khuwaja Imam Hasan Basri (رضی اللہ) had numerous followers drawn from diverse backgrounds, there was the one from these was Hazrat Khuwaja Abdul Wahid Ibn Zaid (رضی اللہ) the literature of the time describes some of them as being scholars and others who were holy warriors. They were united by their sanctity and asceticism, as well as by their harmonization of the inner precepts and outer practice of Islam. They despised social injustice, luxury and hypocrisy, the contradiction between inner and outer jihad, thoughts and deeds, one of these holy warriors. Hazrat Khuwaja Abdul Wahid Ibn Zaid (رضی اللہ) became Hazrat Khuwaja Imam Hasan Basri (رضی اللہ) khalifa. He was taught hadith and tafsir by his Murshid Hazrat Khuwaja Imam Hasan Basri (رضی اللہ) as well as taking from him the path of tasawwuf. He used to fast the entire year round, except for the two festivals of Eid. These fasts sometimes used to last for up to three days, after which he would breaking his fast with few morsels of food. His nights were awake in Ibadah. It is said that he passed forty years in such Mujahidahs before becoming the mureed of Hazrat Khuwaja Imam Hasan Basri (رضی اللہ) Although Hazrat Khuwaja Abdul Wahid Ibn Zaid (رضی اللہ) was one of the great early Sufi, he remains far less famous than the other major figures of Sufism in this era. This might be because he spent most of his time in the cities and major centers, but in the wilderness of the frontier regions. His travels took him as far as China. Indeed, he has achieved fame as the founder of the first Sufi Khanqah, on the island of Abbadan. This was a former military outpost that he converted into a training station for the mystics of Iraq. Addadan became a major attraction for those wishing to become mujahideen. The post was manned by ghazis who combined military service with religious worship in the form of worship (Dhikar/zikar). They practiced the constant recitation of Allah, whether in battle or peacetime, in movement or in rest. In this, Hazrat Khuwaja Abdul Wahid Ibn Zaid (رضی اللہ) pre-empted the Sufi military orders of Fatwah, themselves the inspiration for medieval ideals of chivalry and Hazrat Khuwaja Abdul Wahid Ibn Zaid (رضی اللہ) nobility in warfare, by several hundred years. In his lectures, Hazrat Khuwaja Abdul Wahid Ibn Zaid (رضی اللہ) provided vivid images of the Day of Judgment to his followers. He used to admonish them to prepare for the meeting with their creator. He also informed his disciples that Allah (جل جلاله) bestows secret knowledge on His righteous friends.

Like many of the early Sufis, He admired monks and holy men of other religions for their disdain of the world and the sincerity of their search for Allah, though they differed with them in matters of faith. This was a common understanding of the time, as borne out by the following hadith of Hazrat Syedina Abu Bakar Siddique (رضی اللہ) (as he explained the rules of Jihad to his armies)

"And you may come across monks and holy men searching for Allah (جل جلاله)

Leave them alone and do not destroy their sanctuaries".

Once, upon his travels, Hazrat Khuwaja Abdul Wahid Ibn Zaid (رضی اللہ) arrived at a monastery in China. When he greeted the monk, though, the latter did not reply until he had called repeatedly. The monk than said, "I am not a monk (rahib). A monk is one who fears Allah who is in the heavens. He honors Allah's greatness” he is patient in the face of the calamities He sends, and he is contented with his decree. He praises Him for his forgiveness, he is thankful for his bounties, and he is humble in the presence of His glory. He accepts His power, he fasts during the day and he performs salah during the night, when the mention of Hell keeps him awake. However, I am not such a raahib, I am but a wild dog that preys on others. I have imprisoned myself here for fear of devouring other people with my tongue."Hazrat Khuwaja Abdul Wahid Ibn Zaid (رضی اللہ) asked, "Oh Monk! What has misled people from their Lord?" He replied, "Oh Brother! After recognizing Allah (جل جلاله), it is the love of this world that has led people astray. Love of the world is the root of transgression. An intelligent person is one who expels this love from his heart, repent for his sins and focuses on that which brings him the nearness of Allah (جل جلاله)."

Towards the end of his life, Hazrat Khuwaja Abdul Wahid Ibn Zaid (رضی اللہ) became severely paralyzed, even that he was unable to make wuduh. Once finding no one present to help him, he became extremely restless and made Duaa to Allah (جل جلاله) to assist him. Immediately he was cured from his illness. He made his wuzu and performed his salah calmly, only when he had finished his paralysis return.

Hazrat Khuwaja Abdul Wahid Ibn Zaid (رضی اللہ) attained unity in Basra in 170 AH, although some scholars say the year was 177 AH. He left behind three major Khulfa, among whom the most senior was Hazrat Khuwaja Abu Fuzail Bin Ayaz (رضی اللہ).